IEDD Training

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INTRODUCTION

DRAKON’s EOD/IEDD and search experts work with instructional designers and curriculum developers to produce courses tailored specifically to client requirements. Our training provides those with limited or no previous exposure to IEDs a foundation for continuation training and education - as well as advanced technical skills that progress to subject matter expert (SME) status.

Our proprietary knowledge management process makes certain that our clients get up-to-date training, with revisions generated rapidly within receipt of new information. We ensure currency and relevancy of courses by exploiting intelligence derived from enemy tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs). As soon as an IED or related complex event occurs, we reverse engineer, then build and replicate devices with locally procured components to produce the most authentic training aids possible. Courses begin with a theoretical foundation but focus on practical, hands-on learning.

IMAS TRAINING

In today’s asymmetric environment it is important that the mine action sector is prepared to respond to the wide variety of threats that exist as a consequence of conflict, including those posed by Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). Traditionally the guidance provided in International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) has reflected the fact that mine action activities have focussed mainly on mitigating the risks posed by explosive ordnance (EO) that has been produced and assembled to formally specified set of manufacturing standards. This standard
has therefore been developed in order to complement the existing guidance for mine action operations. It should not be seen as a standalone document but rather as an integral component of an IMAS framework that, when applied, ensures safety, quality and efficiency in activities being conducted, and thereby providing confidence in mine action operations. References to other standards, included in the text below, should therefore be seen as constituting normative provisions of this part of the standard.  

IED Threat

In modern conflicts when rapid combined arms manoeuvre has been replaced with an enduring presence, the IED has become a weapon of choice, used by opposing forces to restrict the mobility of 'friendly forces' and assets. These weapons have proved extremely effective - producing disproportionate casualties when compared to their cost. Given that the currency of enduring operations is invariably political 'will', casualties within any conflict zone will invariably influence that political will and ultimately, the mission success. Therefore, in some respects, an IED is increasingly utilised as a strategic weapon, used to influence the conduct of a campaign and its ongoing political support. 

IED Technology has been accessible to criminals, terrorists and insurgents ever since the invention of explosives. It is within today’s theatres of Humanitarian and Military Operations that they have become much more prevalent and prominent.  DRAKON Group has a long history and extensive expertise based on dealing with the full spectrum of threat presented by them.

General Principles

IEDs represent the most dangerous of all clearance operations and therefore IEDD operations are only to be undertaken by those personnel who are properly trained and certified. On satisfactory completion of the course, the individual will have the skills, knowledge and practice to deal with a threat from an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) in a High Threat environment.

IEDD Operations involve the detection, identification, field evaluation, render safe, recovery and disposal of IEDs. Building/vehicle clearance operations and disposal of vehicle traps, letter bombs, culvert bombs and other non-defined explosive threats are only to be handled by specialized EOD personnel with IEDD qualifications.

IMAS IEDD Level 1 

Search level

Level 1 (IEDD) qualification enables the trained holder of the qualification to understand  the broad threat context, processes of Threat Assessment and Threat Analysis, to recognise IEDs expected within the specific context in which they have been trained, to prepare IEDD equipment and under supervision, to search for IEDs as part of a clearance team, under supervision. They may be directed to support the execution of semi-remote actions by an appropriately qualified supervisor; Level One personnel are not qualified to plan or conduct render safe procedures;

IMAS LEVEL 2

Assistant level

In addition to the skills of a Level 1 (IEDD) qualification, a Level 2 (IEDD) qualification enables the holder to understand and critically evaluate the assessed threat: Level Two operators are qualified to supervise the preparation of IEDD equipment and, under supervision, to apply remote or semi-remote actions designed to locate IEDs. Level Two personnel are not qualified to plan or conduct render safe procedures; 

IMAS LEVEL 3 & 3+

Operator/Supervisor level

In addition to the skills of a Level 1 and 2 (IEDD) qualification a Level 3 (IEDD)
qualification enables the holder to conduct render-safe procedures and final disposal of IEDs in a permissive environment; and in addition to the skills of a Level 1, 2 and 3 (IEDD) qualification, which cover the skills that are routinely required for humanitarian IEDD in a permissive environment, there may be a requirement for additional specialist skills. The Level 3+ (IEDD) advanced qualification is for specialist IEDD operators who have been trained in areas that are needed to address specific threats in specific contexts, in any environment.

UN IEDD STANDARDS

The United Nations Improvised Explosive Device Disposal (IEDD) Standards have been  developed to fill a gap in the technical guidance required to respond to the expanding  and increasingly complex problem of IEDs.
IEDs impede humanitarian access as well as other UN operations and impact on
civilians, United Nations personnel and clearance organizations. In all areas of its IED response, the United Nations requires a safe, cost-effective and coherent approach to  IED disposal. The United Nations has a duty of care to ensure that those entrusted with the task of IED disposal have a competent and practical standard to reference to protect their own lives and ensure operational and cost effectiveness.
The United Nations IEDD Standards are of a technical nature; they are for use by IED disposal operators and for the organizations and units that employ them under the auspices of the United Nations. For Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) Units deployed in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations, the IEDD Standards outline the competencies required by individuals to meet the collective unit requirements set forth in the United Nations EOD Unit Manual. For commercial and non-governmental organizations contracted by the United Nations, these Standards provide the basis for evaluation of the contractors Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for IED disposal operations where the context or mandate objective is not humanitarian.

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